3 WINS Fitness: A pilot study of a park-based program for low-income communities

  • Suzanne E. Spear California State University, Northridge
  • Hui Xie Department of Recreation and Tourism Management, California State University, Northridge
  • Daniel Hernandez Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Northridge
  • Tennie Khanlian Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Northridge
  • Joshua Carlos Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Northridge
  • Raul Figueroa-Valenzuela Los Angeles County Department of Public Health
  • Roxana G. Barba Homeless Healthcare Los Angeles
  • Joshua J.G. Manlutac Los Angeles County Department of Public Health
  • Steven F. Loy Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Northridge

Abstract

Three-quarters of American adults do not meet recommended guidelines for physical activity. This article presents results from a pilot study of 3 WINS Fitness (“3 WINS”), a free, park-based program for adults that started in 2011 at California State University, Northridge. The program is operated by kinesiology student interns. The pilot study took place in one large park in Los Angeles and included three sessions per week for 10 weeks. Methods: The main outcome was change in BMI after the 10-week program. We collected pre-post data on 66 participants. Change in BMI was examined for the sample as a whole and by normal weight, overweight, and obese classifications. Results: We found a small but significant decrease in BMI at program completion; however, there appeared to be less improvement for participants who were obese. Acceptability of the program was high. Most participants (78.5%) attended 50% of sessions or more. Conclusions: 3 WINS is a promising health promotion program that has the potential to be sustainable and scalable. Implementation of 3 WINS at the site of this pilot study has remained active since 2011. The sustainability of 3 WINS is facilitated by integrating the program into university kinesiology programs, creating partnerships with local parks, and reducing reliance on external funding to implement the program. The program has been adopted by numerous parks throughout Southern California and several universities throughout California.

Published
2021-09-21
How to Cite
Spear, S. E., Xie, H., Hernandez, D., Khanlian, T., Carlos, J., Figueroa-Valenzuela, R., Barba, R. G., Manlutac, J. J., & Loy, S. F. (2021). 3 WINS Fitness: A pilot study of a park-based program for low-income communities. Journal of Kinesiology & Wellness, 10, 31-39. Retrieved from https://www.wskw.org/jkw/index.php/jkw/article/view/89
Section
Articles: Volume 10 #1