Journal of Kinesiology & Wellness http://www.wskw.org/jkw/index.php/jkw <p>The Journal of Kinesiology &amp; Wellness (JKW) is a peer-reviewed online journal that covers issues in physical activity, health, wellness, and sport. JKW is a publication of the <a href="http://www.wskw.org" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Western Society for Kinesiology and Wellness</a> (WSKW) and is published bi-annually.</p> Western Society for Kinesiology & Wellness en-US Journal of Kinesiology & Wellness 2332-4503 The reciprocal influence of exercise on academic performance and relationships http://www.wskw.org/jkw/index.php/jkw/article/view/5 <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The current study seeks to better understand exercise habits among the college demographic. It examined the relationships between exercise patterns and aspects of college performance and life. The study explored how exercise influences the lives of college students including relationships, academics and work performance as outlined by Segar (2015). Specifically, the study explored the association between exercise and GPA, as well as the perceived interaction between exercise and academic performance, university and home friendships, and work performance. A survey was completed within a general education course at a midwestern university (81% response rate, N=502). Godin &amp; Shephard’s (1985) validated Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire was used to measure total exercise scores, and measures of perceived exercise benefits were developed for the study based on Segar (2015). One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests, Pearson bivariate correlations, and linear regression analyses were completed to evaluate differences in student GPA based on exercise habits, and the associations between exercise patterns and perceived benefits of exercise on academic performance, friend and family relationships, and work performance. Female participants with higher GPAs were found to report more exercise as compared to those with lower GPAs. The regression analyses found significant associations between the perception that exercise benefits academic performance and actual exercise patterns, and for female students, between the perception that exercise benefits work performance and actual exercise patterns. The results add to existing research on the relationship between exercise and academics by providing context for the college demographic (including exercise patterns and perceptions differences between male and female students), and by applying Segar’s (2015) model of exercise benefits. Implications suggest strategies universities may implement in order to apply Segar’s (2015) theory to fitness marketing and programming.</span></p> Elizabeth Mielke Andrea Ednie Copyright (c) 2018 JKW 2018-11-01 2018-11-01 7 1 4 16 The effects of different aerobic exercise intensities on short-term and long-term memory retention following a video-based learning task: A pilot study http://www.wskw.org/jkw/index.php/jkw/article/view/7 <p>Research evidence regarding the effects of simultaneous exercise and learning on short- and long-term memory retention is equivocal, particularly as a function of different exercise intensities.&nbsp; The purpose of this pilot investigation was to compare the effects of different exercise intensities performed during a video-based learning task on short- and long-term memory retention.&nbsp; Seventy-two college students were randomly assigned to one of four groups: control (no exercise), and cycle exercise at light (40% HR<sub>max</sub>), moderate (60% HR<sub>max</sub>) and high (80% HR<sub>max</sub>) intensity. Exercise groups watched 20 min of instructional videos on simple medical procedures while performing the cycle exercise, and the control group viewed the videos while seated at a desk. Participants completed a recall exam, immediately after viewing the videos (while cycling or sitting, as assigned) and the total correct responses (CR) were recorded to measure short-term retention. Participants then completed the same exam one week later to assess long-term retention. There was no significant difference observed for retention (<em>p</em> = 0.803) between groups across both testing sessions (control: 14.9 ± 2.3 CR; low: 15.6 ± 1.6 CR; moderate: 15.0 ± 2.6 CR; high: 15.0 ± 2.6 CR). While the exercise conditions in this pilot study did not improve short- and long-term memory retention of a video-based learning task, they also did not have a negative impact on retention. Suggestions for future study include increasing sample size, utilizing a crossover study design, addressing recall exam validity, and addressing variations in exercise intensity and duration, and participant attentiveness.</p> W. Matthew Silvers Travis A. Newby James K. Parker Copyright (c) 2018 JKW 2018-11-01 2018-11-01 7 1 17 28 Examining body image in retired collegiate volleyball players http://www.wskw.org/jkw/index.php/jkw/article/view/8 <p>The purpose of this study was to examine the self-perceived body image of female volleyball players more than 10 years after their collegiate playing careers have ended. Utilizing a phenomenological approach, we surveyed and later interviewed ten former collegiate volleyball players ranging in age from 29 to 52. We identified and explored four emergent themes. These were (a) maintaining an athlete identity, (b) focusing on new priorities, (c) physical changes, and (d) body image. Most of the women have maintained their athletic identity to some degree, however new priorities, including work motherhood, have lessened its importance. As a result of the decreased emphasis on sport and the accompanying aging process, the women recognize physical changes, many of which have altered their perception of their overall body image but have not caused a significant amount of distress.</p> Caroline E. Laure Nichole Meline Copyright (c) 2018 JKW 2018-11-01 2018-11-01 7 1 29 45 Thirty years on: A narrative review of research on strength training for female athletes since the national strength and conditioning association’s position paper http://www.wskw.org/jkw/index.php/jkw/article/view/9 <p>In the fall of 1989, the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) published its position paper on strength training for female athletes.&nbsp; The work ultimately concluded that females responded to strength training programs comparably to male counterparts and should thus be trained in a similar fashion.&nbsp; The authors went on to point out, however, that their conclusion was based on a relatively small body of research.&nbsp; This article reviews the research on strength training related to female athletes since the publication of the NSCA’s position paper.&nbsp; Research since that paper’s publication has largely validated the initial findings with additional data.&nbsp; It also has shown that multiple sets and periodized programs appear to be more effective at improving muscular size, strength, and power.&nbsp; Injury prevention programs, such as those designed to mitigate knee injuries, also have been shown to improve parameters of athletic performance.</p> Jason Shurley Jan Todd Copyright (c) 2018 JKW 2018-11-01 2018-11-01 7 1 46 72 Assessing student learning and improving instructional methods for a Kinesiology capstone course http://www.wskw.org/jkw/index.php/jkw/article/view/10 <p><em>Introduction. </em>Many college instructors use a teacher-focused rather than student-focused method of teaching their courses. This may result in a surface approach to learning by students. This study examines student feedback of a college course with the intention of understanding how a more student-focused approach may result in a deeper approach to learning by students. <em>Methods. </em>Investigators used surveys and concept mapping in order to gain a better understanding of how students in the course retained and understood course material as well as how they perceived their ability to apply that material. <em>Results. </em>Survey and concept maps indicate a portion of students enrolled in the course were unsure of their ability to understand and apply some of the concepts required to pass the course. Additionally, many were unable to make logical connections between some key concepts covered in the course. Finally, we learned how students perceived the course and how we may need to transition from a more teacher-focused to a more student-focused approach to teaching. <em>Discussion.</em> Based on these results a course redesign born of SoTL literature and based on the concept of integrated course design may be in order.</p> Ivan K. Guillory Douglas W. McLaughlin Copyright (c) 2018 JKW 2018-11-01 2018-11-01 7 1 73 88 Don’t judge me by my walking. An argument for inclusion http://www.wskw.org/jkw/index.php/jkw/article/view/11 <p>In this paper, we first make a case for why ethics, and specifically ethical education practices, are important to the study of sport disability.&nbsp; Second, we argue for perspective taking and challenge the reader to reexamine federal and state laws directed toward disability policy.&nbsp; Third, we ask the reader to address the question: does law build a caring environment?&nbsp;&nbsp; The paper is rooted in three educational concepts:&nbsp; ethics, perspectives, and care for people with physical disabilities.&nbsp; Examples are offered of inclusionary practices in physical education and recreation.&nbsp; Current research in disability sports studies focusing on ethics and ethical practice is highlighted.&nbsp; The conclusion focuses on the importance of ethical communities.</p> Aubrey Shaw Sharon Kay Stoll Copyright (c) 2018 Western Society for Kinesiology and Wellness 2018-11-01 2018-11-01 7 1 89 96 Do socio-cultural traits and other demographics affect outdoor recreation constraints? The case for Mesa County, Colorado http://www.wskw.org/jkw/index.php/jkw/article/view/12 <p>Physical activity from outdoor recreational pursuits is well known to be beneficial and has been encouraged by the US Surgeon General.&nbsp; Specific constraints, often reflected in sociocultural issues, can be impediments to individuals participating in outdoor recreational activities.&nbsp; Data were collected in conjunction with the Bureau of Land Management and the Mesa County Health Department in Colorado via surveys involving 580 residents of Mesa County regarding access to outdoor recreation.&nbsp; Ordinal logistic regression was used to test whether ten different constraints to outdoor recreation were important to the respondents, given their age, sex, education, race/ethnicity, native language, and residential density.&nbsp; The results indicated that the probability of experiencing outdoor constraints increased with lower education, Hispanic ethnicity, native Spanish speaking, and young age.&nbsp; A second model, albeit with fewer respondents, was tested to include income.&nbsp; The results of the second model were similar to the first model and also showed that lower incomes were associated with a higher probability of outdoor constraints.&nbsp; The results of the two models indicated that socioeconomic status was a driving factor behind constraints to outdoor recreation.</p> Nathan Perry T. Timothy Casey Steven Ross Murray Copyright (c) 2018 Western Society for Kinesiology and Wellness 2018-11-01 2018-11-01 7 1 97 108 Perceptions of students on college self-defense education http://www.wskw.org/jkw/index.php/jkw/article/view/13 <p>This research was designed to study perceptions of students on their self-defense education in university self-defense classes. Serial surveys were conducted in one university’s self-defense class to examine student perceptions on (a) mental self-defense from nine perspectives, (b) physical self-defense from nine perspectives, (c) overall experience of learning self-defense after one semester from eight perspectives, and (d) changes in self-confidence on personal self-defense ability and benefits of taking self-defense classes. The results indicated that college self-defense education benefits college students in terms of mental self-defense, physical self-defense, self-confidence, and safe lifestyle. The results of the study provided feedback from students on class content and effectiveness of teaching and learning based on hands-on experience at the conclusion of the course. Student perceptions can help self-defense instructors better understand the needs of students in self-defense education and improve self-defense curriculum and teaching effectiveness.</p> Gong Chen Liu Liu Copyright (c) 2018 Western Society for Kinesiology and Wellness 2018-11-01 2018-11-01 7 1 109 119 2018 Conference Abstracts http://www.wskw.org/jkw/index.php/jkw/article/view/48 <p>No applicable</p> Supplement to Vol 7 No 1 Copyright (c) 2018 Western Society for Kinesiology and Wellness 2018-11-01 2018-11-01 7 1 120 147